Metabolic Syndrome is a group of risk factors that raises your risk for heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke. Your risk for heart disease, diabetes, and stroke increases with the number of metabolic risk factors you have. In general, a person who has metabolic syndrome is twice as likely to develop heart disease and five times as likely to develop diabetes as someone who doesn't have metabolic syndrome. Risk Factors: Abdominal obesity with an enlarged waist line or an ‘apple body shape’. Elevated LDL and triglyceride levels and a low HDL level. Understand how to raise your HDL and lower your LDL. High blood pressure. High fasting blood sugar: pre-diabetes or diabetes. It is possible to prevent or delay metabolic syndrome, mainly with lifestyle changes. A healthy lifestyle is a lifelong commitment. Successfully controlling metabolic syndrome requires long-term effort and teamwork with your health care providers.
If you have any chest pain that is new or unusual, ALWAYS seek immediate medical attention! Call 911. Do not drive yourself or have someone drive you. If you are with someone who is having chest pain, do NOT listen to them if they refuse medical attention as denial and embarrassment are signs of something very wrong going on. Call 911. Most heart attacks are the result of coronary artery disease, also known as atherosclerosis or "hardening of the arteries," a condition that clogs coronary arteries with fatty, calcified plaques over time. The typical trigger for a heart attack is often a blood clot that blocks the flow of blood through a coronary artery. Small plaque ruptures can cause a serious or fatal heart attack. Go to this is a great video of what happens during an MI. Risk factors: Smoking Sedentary lifestyle: less than 30 minutes a day of moderate exercise Unhealthy diet: eating foods that contain any trans fats, high amounts of saturated fats, high levels of sodium. High blood pressure (hypertension) High LDL and triglyceride levels Diabetes [...]
An abnormal heart rhythm is when your heart beats too slowly (under 60 beats per minute) or too quickly (above 100 beats per minute) reducing heart efficiency and volume pumped to the brain and other vital organs. Atrial arrhythmias can cause serious symptoms but ventricular arrhythmias are often immediately life-threatening or fatal and they are not discussed here. Atrial Fibrillation a.k.a. AF and A Fib: the most common of heart arrhythmias which is not usually life threatening but can cause serious and life-threatening side effects, particularly formation of clots that can move to the brain and cause cerebral vascular accidents (CVA’s) a.k.a. strokes. Normally, the atrium (upper chambers of the heart) contract evenly and forcefully sending blood to the ventricles (lower chambers of the heart) to the lungs and organs but in AF, the atrium flutter instead of contract. Risk factors: Age (over 60), smoking, hypertension, heart valve disease, coronary bypass surgery, alcohol binge drinking and chronic use, obesity, sleep apnea. Go to this is a great slide show on atrial fibrillation. Bradycardia: Heart rate that is below 60 beats [...]
Angina is a term used for chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. Angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease and narrowing of one or more coronary arteries. Angina is typically described as squeezing, pressure, heaviness, tightness or pain in your chest.A new onset of undiagnosed and medically untreated chest pain should be assumed to be a heart attack (Myocardial Infarction or MI). Any chest pain that lasts longer than 10 minutes and does not resolve with rest or nitroglycerine should be assumed to be an MI. Call 911. Do not drive, or have someone drive you to the Emergency Department.Angina symptoms in women:Women often experience symptoms such as nausea, shortness of breath, abdominal pain or extreme fatigue, with or without chest pain. Or a woman may feel discomfort in her neck, jaw or back or stabbing pain instead of the more typical chest pressure. These differences may lead to delays in seeking treatment.Stable Angina:Develops when your heart works harder, such as when you exercise or climb stairsCan usually be predicted and the pain is [...]
by Connie Jorsvik Don't ignore these signs and symptoms even if you don't have any cardiac disease factors which usually include being over 45 years of age for men and 55 for women, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, overweight (BMI greater than 30), a smoker, diabetic or have a family history of heart disease:Chest discomfort: Note that only half of women have this warning sign. Usually this is sharp pain, squeezing or pressure under the breast bone and to the left of center. Women often feel an ‘ache’ or burning sensation.Left shoulder and arm pain or aching; left neck and/or jaw aching or pain.Heartburn, feeling of gas buildup in stomach with excessive burping, nausea, vomiting.Cold sweating.Symptoms of an anxiety attack: Anxiety is a warning sign—especially if you don’t normally have anxiety attacks. Take it seriously. Only health professionals can differentiate between anxiety and a heart attack.Shortness of breath, coughing, production of watery (often pink tinged), wheezing which is often worse when lying flat are signs of Congestive Heart Failure. This CANNOT be differentiated from pneumonia by a stethoscope –a chest [...]